Investigating the Impact of Environment on Maternal and Child Health and Developmental Disabilities

What impact do factors such as environment, diet, stress, medication, and social factors have on a pregnant individual’s journey and subsequently, on their child’s health and development?

A new two-year study by researchers at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago seeks to explore how various environmental aspects impact children’s health and development, particularly focusing on children with disabilities. Recently receiving a $5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the team will join the Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program, a national consortium dedicated to understanding how early-life conditions affect children’s health trajectories. While other participants in ECHO concentrate on issues like asthma and cardiometabolic health, the Northwestern and Lurie Children’s team will specifically investigate the experiences of individuals with disabilities, a group often overlooked in medical studies.

With an extensive cohort in ECHO focusing on child health, this study aims to extend its insights to their mothers, exploring the interconnected health dynamics between mother and child. The research will target a broad and diverse group of pregnant individuals, including those frequently underrepresented in medical research.

Principal investigator Dr. Lynn Yee, Thomas J. Watkins Memorial Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Feinberg School of Medicine, emphasizes the potential of this study to inform future strategies for enhancing maternal and child health outcomes through the knowledge gained from ECHO.

This next phase in the ECHO program represents a significant shift towards understanding the complexities of maternal health and its implications on child well-being, starting from before birth. Depending on the findings from the initial years, the project may receive extended funding, potentially reaching a total of $32 million over seven years.

Comprehensive Study of Children with and without Disabilities

The study will take a comprehensive approach, including children with and without disabilities, identified as they grow. The researchers aim to include a variety of mothers, especially those at higher risk due to genetic or other factors, to eventually form a cohort that represents a broad spectrum of children’s developmental conditions.

The $5 million grant, titled “Enriching ECHO Cohorts with High-risk Pregnancies and Children with Disabilities (Enriching ECHO),” aims to enhance disability inclusivity in the ECHO research by examining a wide range of disabilities, from neurodevelopmental disorders like ADHD and autism to other conditions. The study will also draw from existing data on ECHO participants with disabilities and collaborate with other ECHO sites for further scientific research, such as studies on asthma or the impact of environmental toxins.

Recruitment for the study will begin in January 2024, targeting pregnant individuals before their 20th week of gestation from specific medical centers. This inclusive approach aims to enroll a diverse population, including those with detected prenatal complications, who are often excluded from such research.

With a seven-year follow-up plan, the study aims to provide comprehensive data on the women and their children, offering insights into early complications as well as typical development patterns. This approach will allow the researchers to uncover developmental disabilities as the children grow, providing valuable data for future interventions and support.

Exploring Key Health Aspects and Positive Outcomes

Initially, the research will focus on the health of the placenta, looking for signs of complications or conditions that might indicate a higher likelihood of developmental issues like autism. The team will collect various biological samples throughout pregnancy to study stress levels, environmental exposures, and other factors that may impact health outcomes.

The study won’t just focus on health challenges; it also aims to identify environmental and personal factors associated with positive health outcomes. By studying both high-risk individuals and those with typical pregnancies, the researchers hope to uncover ways to optimize health and understand what contributes to a healthy pregnancy and child development.

Through this comprehensive approach, the study aims to provide a deeper understanding of the complex interplay between environmental factors, maternal health, and child development, potentially informing future health strategies and interventions.

SafeGuarding Communities And Ecosystems in Sumatra’s Forests

A member of the local tribe details a collaborative effort involving the BMW Group, Pirelli, and BirdLife.

Initiated in 2021, the “Living Rubber” initiative marks a partnership between the BMW Group, Pirelli, and BirdLife, focusing on the conservation of the Hutan Harapan rainforest in Sumatra. Known as the Forest of Hope, Hutan Harapan’s preservation is critical for maintaining biodiversity and supporting the indigenous populations dependent on its resources. This is more than just a conservation effort; it’s about sustaining a way of life, requiring specific actions to be effective.

Central to the “Living Rubber” initiative is promoting the ecological production of natural rubber, honoring the inhabitants and biodiversity of the area. Moreover, it seeks to uplift and educate young women in agricultural practices and broader learning.

The Batin Sembilan tribe, residents of Hutan Harapan, are intrinsic to the project’s operations. Among them is Bi Teguh, a 44-year-old rubber farmer and a defender against illegal logging. She views safeguarding the rainforest as not just a duty but a necessity for community survival. In discussions with the BMW Group, Bi Teguh outlined the project’s significance in protecting human rights, advancing women, and conserving the local environment.

Bi Teguh recounts her realization of the rainforest’s vulnerability, tracing it back to the establishment of palm oil industries and the resultant erratic weather patterns and reduced harvests. She emphasizes the project’s objectives in maintaining Hutan Harapan, a lifeline for her community and particularly vital for the women. Through collaborative patrols and educational initiatives, the project aims to ensure a sustainable future for the next generations and the biodiversity of the rainforest.

The involvement of women is pivotal in this project due to their daily dependence on the forest for resources and livelihood. Educating and equipping women with new skills, such as literacy and agricultural techniques, is crucial for community empowerment and forest preservation. Bi Teguh’s commitment reflects a broader movement within her community to engage actively in conservation efforts despite the challenges posed by increasing encroachment.

Bi Teguh’s leadership extends to guiding women and children in forest patrols and informational campaigns. Despite her youth, her familial responsibilities have positioned her as a community leader. Her journey from a local advocate to an international spokesperson underscores the global significance of local conservation efforts. Her hope is rooted in the possibility of halting further encroachment and ensuring a sustainable future for Hutan Harapan and its inhabitants.

United, We Navigate The Challenges of Our Era

UnternehmerTUM and BMW Group have initiated Circular Republic. This collaborative endeavor is designed to enhance the circular economy, focusing on content and communication.

Discussions unfolded with Alexander Bilgeri, responsible for Communications Human Resources, Production, Purchasing, and Sustainability, alongside Karsten Peddinghaus, who leads the Circular Economy Early Phase and Technology Funding, concerning the project’s details.

What sparked the creation of the Circular Republic initiative?

Bilgeri: Initiated by BMW AG and partnered with UnternehmerTUM, Europe’s most extensive start-up hub, the project reflects a longstanding commitment to addressing contemporary issues through communication, particularly in innovation. Proposing a unified platform for diverse circular initiatives marked the inception of Circular Republic. UnternehmerTUM catalyzed the connection of various concepts, garnering our full support. Solitary initiatives or enterprises cannot surmount our era’s challenges; collective technological advancements are crucial, as evidenced by our Catena X initiative. Both Catena X and Circular Republic are instrumental in driving significant strides in the circular economy, carbon reduction, and resilience.

What are the objectives of this initiative?

Peddinghaus: As an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM), we recognize the pivotal role of the circular economy in reducing carbon emissions and conserving resources. The initiative emphasizes resilience and robustness, particularly within our supply chains. A focal point is resource security, especially concerning high-voltage batteries. The BMW Group is dedicated to advocating and advancing the circular economy, a commitment showcased at the IAA Mobility 2021 through the BMW i Vision Circular concept vehicle.

Bilgeri: Circular Republic’s vision is to ignite momentum, establishing a foundation for a resilient and sustainable economy. While attracting a multitude of innovative ideas to Munich is an immediate goal, the initiative transcends this single city. Fundamentally, it signifies a collective commitment to fostering continuous innovation and maintaining long-term business attractiveness by nurturing collaborative knowledge transfer between the commercial and academic sectors, along with the dynamism and creativity of young entrepreneurs.

What are BMW Group’s aspirations with Circular Republic?

Bilgeri: Confronting our era’s challenges requires a united front. Our aim is to surface and nurture innovative ideas, transitioning them into scalable solutions. As an OEM, we view our future raw material reserves as already existing on the streets. Our goal is to collaborate with partners to incrementally actualize our circular economy vision, optimizing the recycling of materials from end-of-life vehicles.

Peddinghaus: Our latest vehicles incorporate an average of 30 percent secondary raw materials. Our ambition is to elevate this percentage. However, this necessitates a societal shift away from disposability towards closed material cycles. Circular Republic is envisioned as a platform where initiatives, companies, academia, and innovative minds converge to enhance circularity. It’s about collaboratively fostering creative ideas and transforming them into pragmatic solutions.

Could you describe the nature of this partnership?

Peddinghaus: Our collaboration operates on two tiers. Technically, we aim to intensify knowledge transfer through multi-stakeholder and partner projects within our corporate ecosystem, focusing on the circular economy. Our goal is to disseminate valuable insights and cultivate collaborative ventures for mutual benefit, such as designing recyclable material loops, notably in high-voltage battery recycling, where we aspire to pioneer closed-loop solutions with start-ups and other entities.

Bilgeri: From a communicational perspective, our aim is to amplify public awareness about circular economy benefits and generate excitement. The circular economy is a burgeoning megatrend. What carbon reduction represents for the 2020s, circularity epitomizes for the 2030s. Circular Republic strives to progressively broaden its international influence, establishing the circular economy as a seminal issue of our times.

Why is the present moment optimal for launching a circular economy platform?

Bilgeri: It’s evident that for future societal and corporate prosperity, circular thinking is imperative. BMW AG’s historical success is rooted in long-term vision and conscientious action, with sustainability and resource efficiency as early strategic priorities. Thus, the circular economy is an ideal pursuit for us, particularly in light of escalating global challenges.

Peddinghaus: Now more than ever, a regenerative economic model is essential, where valuable resources are recycled rather than discarded. In this way, we are significantly contributing to enhanced environmental sustainability and a resilient, thriving economy.

Harvesting 10 Benefits of Caring for Plants for Children

Teaching children how to care for plants can indirectly hone various life skills. Later these life skills will be very useful when the child grows up. It must be understood, until whenever humans will need plants. While plants will be fine without humans.

That’s why, because it’s really needed, plants should be cared for with all love.

To foster a love for plants, environmental education is needed from an early age. One of the ways is through the activity of caring for plants, which must be passed on to your little one from an early age.

Not only will it foster a sense of love for the environment, but caring for plants also has a number of positive benefits for your little one, including:

  • Make children love nature more

Caring for plants means inviting your little one to love and care for living things. They will also learn to take care of the earth .

Learning from nature directly is far more exciting and exciting than just reading theory. The child can get to know a wide variety of flora and fauna.

  • Foster a sense of responsibility

In caring for plants, a child has to water, prune, fertilize, clean, and make sure the plants stay alive. This will teach your little one to be responsible from an early age.

So, indirectly the child’s parents have taught their children to be responsible. At first it might be hard for your little one, but over time, with the encouragement and motivation from both parents, caring for plants will become a fun activity.

  • Practice patience

Caring for plants can train the child’s patience. Because plants need time to grow, so your little one will be patient in caring for them, watering them, and fertilizing them until it is time to harvest the plants they plant.

According to Herdianing (2014), gardening activities can be used as a medium for playing which can help develop naturalistic intelligence and foster a sense of responsibility and train children’s patience.

  • Growing confidence

When the plants, your little ones grow and care for grow big, beautiful, and harvestable. This will allow your little one to enjoy the fruits of his labor, and at the same time will develop self-confidence in him!

  • Sharpen motor skills

One of the phases of fruit development that needs to be optimized is the physical motor ability. In a Journal of Early Childhood Education Research, it is stated that motor-physical development plays an important role in forming the flexibility of the body.

One of the ways you can do to develop your child’s gross and fine motoric physical abilities is to take care of plants or gardening.

According to Beetlestone (2012) in his book, gardening activities carried out by children can provide opportunities for physical activity, releasing energy to highlight physical movements.

It should be noted that caring for plants or gardening requires a lot of physical movement, for example, digging the ground, planting seeds, watering, cleaning weeds, and so on.

·        Build empathy

Through observing growing plants, your little one can build his sense of empathy. He can see how the leaves come out of the seeds that are still small, to witness the leaves of the plants grow big and can produce fruit (if the plants bear fruit).

·        Relieves stress in children

Just like adults, children also need time to vent tension and boredom with daily routines. Caring for plants is an activity that helps the body produce endorphins, which can trigger feelings of happiness.

·        Healthier

Caring for plants can help increase endurance. In Morinaga Platinum’s website, Brett Finlay, a microbiologist in his book Let Them Eat Dirt , revealed that there are many good, harmless microbes in the soil that can actually boost a child’s immune system. Increased immunity can make your little one not get sick easily.

·        Strengthen the relationship between parents and children

Gardening or caring for plants with the family can strengthen the relationship between parents and children. Because they will often interact. Gardening moments with children can also be a fun and healthy refreshment.

·        Make your little one like vegetables and fruit more

According to the Journal of the American Dietetic Association quoted from the Morinaga Platinum page, it shows that children will eat the vegetables they grow themselves.

Gardening and caring for plants that are carried out with your little one can broaden their knowledge of where vegetables and fruit come from. From seed to harvest.

Finally, those are 10 unexpected benefits of plants for your baby. So, get your kids to take care of the plants and reap the extraordinary benefits.

Understanding the 3 Symbiosis in Interaction: Mutualism, Commensalism, and Parasitism

In this life, interactions occur with each other. The interaction shows that every creature needs each other. Humans interact with other humans, animals, and plants. This process and connection scheme is known as symbiosis.

In life, there are many symbioses that occur in humans, animals and plants. There are at least three types of symbiosis that characterize the interactions of creatures in life. What’s that? Mutualism symbiosis, commensalism symbiosis, and also parasitism symbiosis.

Curious to understand the meaning and differences of these three symbioses? Here’s an explanation:

  • Mutualism symbiosis

The first is Symbiosis Mutualism. Where the relationship between two different types of organisms is mutually beneficial.

This relationship is considered a very positive relationship because both parties benefit. In other words, both parties reap benefits or profits from the interactions that are carried out.

Take the example of butterflies and flowers. Butterflies suck nectar from flowers, thus the flowers also get help from the movement of butterflies for the pollination process to occur.

Another example of symbiotic mutualism is between humans and bacteria. E. Coli bacteria in humans can work to reduce the growth of bad bacteria and accelerate the process of decay in the large intestine. The advantage obtained by E. Coli bacteria is that they get food from the remains of the large intestine.

  • Commensalism symbiosis

Commensalism symbiosis is an interaction between two living things that only benefits one organism, while the other organism is not harmed and does not benefit (neutral).

Take a simple example that happened to Remora fish and sharks. After the shark eats, usually the leftovers will fall. When the food scraps fall, the Remora fish will stick with the shark to take the leftovers from the shark. Sharks are neither harmed nor benefited.

Another example can be observed in the interaction between orchids and mango trees. Orchids benefit because they have a place to grow, and get sunlight, water, and substances for photosynthesis, by attaching to the mango tree. While the mango tree is not harmed in any way.

  • Parasitism symbiosis

This last symbiosis is interesting and often disliked, aka has a negative tendency. The reason is, parasitism, and symbiosis is the opposite of mutualism symbiosis.

Parasitism symbiosis is a condition of dependence that occurs when one party benefits, but harms the other party. Or in other words, there is one party who is sacrificed or harmed.

Take for example this symbiosis that occurs in mosquitoes and humans. Mosquitoes benefit by sucking blood from humans, while humans are disadvantaged because they can contract dangerous diseases.

Another example can be observed in flies with fruit. Flies get food from fruit and can breed in fruit. Fruit that flies land on loses money because it will rot.

Yes, so those were the three types of symbiosis that occur in life. All three provide important lessons for humans about how the best symbiosis is one that does not harm either party. May be useful!

10 International Environmental Institutions You Need to Know

Being an environmentalist will not make you alone. In this world, there are many institutions that keep moving to prevent environmental damage from getting worse. The presence of these institutions is a blessing in itself for the continuity of life in this world.

Environmental damage has long been a concern of mankind. Humans worry that the environment is getting badly damaged, but they never fast damage it and don’t take care of it. Luckily, there is an institution that has donated itself to take care of the environment.

If you are interested in becoming a “hero” for the environment and feel that if you dive into it you will be alone. No need to worry or doubt, because these 10 largest international institutions or organizations can make my spirit thrive.

  • Greenpeace

This organization, based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands is one of the most popular in the world and is considered the toughest against environmental destroyers. Especially with regard to environmental damage due to various pollution that threaten survival.

  • National Geographic Society

Founded in 1888, this institution or organization is one of the largest and most well-known environmental organizations in the world. The institution is very active and has even been involved countless times in environmental preservation. Never stop campaigning around the world to prevent further environmental damage.

  • World Wildlife Fund [WWF]

Environmentalists must be familiar and familiar with the organization with the panda logo. There are around 5 million members worldwide. The concentration of this institution is the preservation of animals from extinction. Imagine, what would this world be like if all the animals became extinct.

  • National Wildlife Federation

In 1938 Jay Darling founded this Society in America. And until now there are more than 4 million members. The most important activity is the preservation of animals.

  • Rainforest Action Network [RAN]

The board of directors is relatively small for an international organization, only 43 people, but volunteers number in the thousands. They focus on environmental campaigns and receive praise from various media as smart organizations in preserving the environment as a whole.

  • The Nature Conservancy

I do not know what inspired Richard Pough in 1951 so he founded this Institute in Virginia, America. This institution focuses more on environmental campaigns by utilizing online media, such as social media, blogs, and digital applications that are easily accessible in this millennial era.

  • Worldwatch Institute

Since its establishment in 1974, this institution has always been a reference for government policymakers, civil society, businessmen, and also academics. It is one of the world’s largest organizations for respect for the environment, its services, and research, which spread news online to more than 100 countries.

  • Forest Stewardship Council [FSC]

This organization is the largest in 46 countries. FSC often helps companies, governments, and residents in protecting forests from destruction. FSC has received many awards for its activities in the field of forest conservation.

  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC]

This institute is run by hundreds of scientists to research climate change. They are very active in solving various problems regarding pollution due to fuel misuse.

  • Friends of The Earth

This institution carries out more programs related to human health, animals, plants, land, water, and air and focuses on stopping global warming which is one of the threats to the environment today.

So, those are the 10 largest institutions in the world whose focus is the environment. Of course, environmental institutions are not just those 10, there are many, which will make you feel less alone if you throw yourself into actions to care for the environment.

3 Ways You Can Do to Extend the Age of the Earth

The earth we live in is getting older, this can be seen from the changing climate and earth conditions in recent years.

Many parts of the earth are starting to be damaged and eroded, the extinction of various species of animals and plants, natural disasters that occur in cycles, or even those caused by human actions.

The impact of the damage to the earth is getting worse every day, if it is not stopped, it will make it more difficult for us to get natural resources to survive on a daily basis, for example, such as clean water and air.

Pollution occurs everywhere, the earth’s temperature has also increased recently due to the ozone layer which is increasingly being eroded over time. It is our duty to preserve the earth for the continuation of human civilization in the future.

Here are some ways you can extend the age of our earth. Come on, see together the full description below.

  1. Planting trees or plants

Planting plants or trees is a good way to preserve the environment. The process of photosynthesis carried out by plants absorbs carbon dioxide, which then produces it back into oxygen which is released into the atmosphere.

The existence of plants that produce oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide will stop the climate change that has been happening for some time now.

Not only the earth, but the oxygen produced by plants is also good for humans because that way humans get healthy air quality which is good for the health of their bodies.

  1. Using public transportation

Vehicle exhaust pollution is a threat to the environment and the sustainability of this planet. Vehicle exhaust produces carbon dioxide and harmful gases, which can cause the greenhouse effect and cause an increase in the earth’s temperature.

Temperatures that are too hot can cause the polar ice caps to melt and cause sea levels to rise which can increase the risk of flooding.

If it’s not too urgent, use public transportation when traveling. If you want to be healthier for your body, you can also walk. By doing simple things, you have helped to care for our beloved earth.

  1. Reducing the use of plastic bags

If you go shopping to buy an item, do you still receive plastic from the seller?

One way you can do to help extend the age of the earth is to reduce the use of plastic bags for everyday purposes.

Plastic takes a very long time to decompose, and to this day plastic is still piling up and is one of the biggest contributors to waste on land or at sea. Plastic that is carried into the sea will turn into microplastics which is the cause of millions of marine animals being killed every year.

You can use a reusable shopping bag or cloth bag. Also, reduce buying drinks in plastic packaging, and use drinking bottles to store your drinking water.

Those are three simple ways you can do to extend the age of our aging earth.

Besides that, another way that you can practice right now is to save electricity usage at home when you’re not using it.

Come on, make sure your room lights are turned off during the day, ok!

Green Vehicles Dominate Auto Shows in India

India Auto Expo is back in 2023 after an absence of three years. Environmentally friendly vehicles are seen dominating the largest automotive exhibition in India.

Asian brands dominated the event, including Tata, BYD, Maruti Suzuki, Lexus and Toyota. Major European manufacturers such as Mercedes, Skoda, Audi and BMW did not participate in the event.

Many startups and large corporations are showing much greater participation in showcasing sustainable and futuristic products. One of them is electric vehicles.

According to the India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), a government agency that oversees brand equity, India’s electric vehicle market is growing rapidly, with more than 300,000 of them sold in 2021, up 168 percent from the previous year.

According to the exhibition organizers, this year’s India Auto Expo features many eco-friendly vehicles, reflecting the themes of sustainable living and the transition to clean energy.

India is currently the chair of the G20, a group of 20 leading economies and places climate as its top priority. Climate change has become a top issue for the country after it was hit by a heat wave and pollution is at alarming levels.

Sanjay Gopalakrishnan, vice president, director, BYD India, said the exhibition reflects the spirit of the COP, the United Nations conference on working conventions on climate change.

“The government is encouraging electric vehicles to reduce carbon emissions, according to the global COP agreement. As industry experts, and many studies show, 30 percent penetration will be achieved in the electric vehicle market by 2030. This is an optimistic note, if all regulations are enforced, charging infrastructure will be built, and development is underway,” he commented.

Kia offers the Kia Concept EV9, an all-electric SUV. Expected to be marketed globally this year, this car is equipped with a 77.4 kWh battery. With vertical LED taillights and an upright design, the car features hood-mounted solar panels and an interior made of eco-friendly materials.

Kia claims that the EV6 can cover a distance of 700 kilometers on a single battery charge, and can go from zero to 100 kilometers per hour in 5.2 seconds.

The Chinese automaker BYD offers the YD Atto 3 with a cutting-edge design and a futuristic look. The interior is sporty, with components designed to feel like you’re in a gym.

The company claims that the car has a range of up to 420 kilometers and goes from 0 to 100 Kmph in 7.3 seconds.

One of the newcomers to the auto industry present at the fair was Vayve Mobility, a startup that claims to have built India’s first solar and electric car.

Eva, the compact car that Vayve makes can accommodate up to two adults and one child. According to Vilas Deshpande, co-founder and COO of Vayve, this car is a perfect fit for India.

“This car is perfectly designed for city trips, for Indian conditions, but what I like the most, is this is India’s first solar and electric car. The battery can be solar charged,” explained Deshpande.

Toyota exhibited the Toyota Corolla Cross, which uses compressed hydrogen fuel, and the Toyota Mirai which uses electric batteries and hydrogen fuel.

Green Vehicles Dominate Auto Shows in India

India Auto Expo is back in 2023 after an absence of three years. Environmentally friendly vehicles are seen dominating the largest automotive exhibition in India.

Asian brands dominated the event, including Tata, BYD, Maruti Suzuki, Lexus and Toyota. Major European manufacturers such as Mercedes, Skoda, Audi and BMW did not participate in the event.

Many startups and large corporations are showing much greater participation in showcasing sustainable and futuristic products. One of them is electric vehicles.

According to the India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), a government agency that oversees brand equity, India’s electric vehicle market is growing rapidly, with more than 300,000 of them sold in 2021, up 168 percent from the previous year.

According to the exhibition organizers, this year’s India Auto Expo features many eco-friendly vehicles, reflecting the themes of sustainable living and the transition to clean energy.

India is currently the chair of the G20, a group of 20 leading economies and places climate as its top priority. Climate change has become a top issue for the country after it was hit by a heat wave and pollution is at alarming levels.

Sanjay Gopalakrishnan, vice president, director, BYD India, said the exhibition reflects the spirit of the COP, the United Nations conference on working conventions on climate change.

“The government is encouraging electric vehicles to reduce carbon emissions, according to the global COP agreement. As industry experts, and many studies show, 30 percent penetration will be achieved in the electric vehicle market by 2030. This is an optimistic note, if all regulations are enforced, charging infrastructure will be built, and development is underway,” he commented.

Kia offers the Kia Concept EV9, an all-electric SUV. Expected to be marketed globally this year, this car is equipped with a 77.4 kWh battery. With vertical LED taillights and an upright design, the car features hood-mounted solar panels and an interior made of eco-friendly materials.

Kia claims that the EV6 can cover a distance of 700 kilometers on a single battery charge, and can go from zero to 100 kilometers per hour in 5.2 seconds.

The Chinese automaker BYD offers the YD Atto 3 with a cutting-edge design and a futuristic look. The interior is sporty, with components designed to feel like you’re in a gym.

The company claims that the car has a range of up to 420 kilometers and goes from 0 to 100 Kmph in 7.3 seconds.

One of the newcomers to the auto industry present at the fair was Vayve Mobility, a startup that claims to have built India’s first solar and electric car.

Eva, the compact car that Vayve makes can accommodate up to two adults and one child. According to Vilas Deshpande, co-founder and COO of Vayve, this car is a perfect fit for India.

“This car is perfectly designed for city trips, for Indian conditions, but what I like the most, is this is India’s first solar and electric car. The battery can be solar charged,” explained Deshpande.

Toyota exhibited the Toyota Corolla Cross, which uses compressed hydrogen fuel, and the Toyota Mirai which uses electric batteries and hydrogen fuel.

Trump’s Policies Have Little Impact on the Recovery of the Coal Industry

At the historic 2015 Paris Summit, world leaders vowed to take steps to avoid damaging climate change. On November 6-17, UN negotiators will again work out the details of how to reduce emissions of gases that heat planet Earth.

This is the first conference since President Donald Trump said the United States would withdraw from the deal, leaving questions about the direction of America’s greenhouse gas emissions.

While Trump was campaigning for president, he promised to put coal miners back in work. Since taking office, he has sought to reverse policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from coal-fired power plants and elsewhere.

The efforts include a move to overturn the Obama administration’s regulations targeting coal-fired power plants known as the Clean Power Plan.

Trump said, “Perhaps no single regulation threatens our energy workers, miners, and companies more than the attack that destroyed this American industry.”

But according to Amit Ronen of George Washington University, the impact on America’s emissions will probably be minimal.

Coal-fired power plants were shut down across the country. Power companies are turning to cheaper clean natural gas.

Renewable sources like wind and solar are in vogue, driving prices down. The price of electricity from renewable energy is competitive with fossil fuels in many places.

But other Trump administration actions can still restore coal. The trade case will soon authorize the president to place tariffs on imported solar panels – nearly all solar panels in America are imported. This could cost 88,000 jobs, said Tony Clifford of development company Standard Solar.

Experts say that many states and cities are stepping up efforts to reduce greenhouse gases, even though the federal government is pulling back. So federal tariffs won’t kill the renewable energy industry, says Rhodium Group analyst John Larsen.

DOE – the Department of Energy – has proposed paying more for coal and nuclear power than for electricity from other energy sources. Energy Secretary Rick Perry said the plant provides constant, reliable power that no other source has.

Ultimately, experts say the Trump administration has limited power to save the coal industry.

However, while reducing coal use helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions, experts say the results are not fast enough to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.